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SUNY Erie Library Resource Center

Gender Studies

A libguide of physical and digital resources to help students, teachers, staff and anyone else who is interested find information on gender, sex, sexuality and intersection of gender, sex and sexuality with other cultural forces

What is Transgender, Intersexed and Gender nonconformity?

Transgender- The term "transgender," in popular usage only since the early 1990s, is an umbrella term describing people who do not identify with the binary gender positions of man or woman. Drag kings, drag queens, transsexuals, intersex people, cross-dressers, butch lesbians, effeminate gay men, and more may all be considered transgender people. Although some of the gender identities included in this list are linked to sexual desires (such as butch lesbians and effeminate gay men), a transgender identity does not imply a particular sexual orientation; transidentified people may name their sexual desires as heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, asexual, or something else. (Clarkson, 2011)

Intersex or Intersexuality- (1) a condition in which a baby has both male and female characteristics, as in Klinefelter‘s syndrome and Turner‘s syndrome (intersexuality, 2008)

(2) persons are born with ambiguous and/or mixed sexual anatomy, making it difficult to define or categorize them as either male or female. (Chaudhuri, 2017)

Gender Nonconformity-exhibiting behavioral, cultural, or psychological traits that do not correspond with the traits typically associated with one's sex : having a gender expression that does not conform to gender norms (Bourdon, 2019)

Bourdon, T. (2019). Gender nonconforming [Def. 1]. In Merriam-Webster. Retrieved April 22, 2019, from nonconforming

Chaudhuri, S. (2017). Trans/Intersexuality. In P. A. Lamphier & R. Welch (Eds.), Women in American History: A Social, Political, and Cultural Encyclopedia and Document Collection (Vol. 4, pp. 365-366). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. Retrieved from

Clarkson, N. L. (2011). Transgender. In A. J. Andrea, World history encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. Retrieved from

intersexuality. (2008). In P. H. Collin (Ed.), Dictionary of medical terms (4th ed.). London, UK: A&C Black. Retrieved from



Books to Start with

Useful websites and Databases